Common defects that cause fret/ string buzz.
Truss rod adjustment usually isn't the problem, but is related.
Loose frets, because of the fingerboard drying out.
Heavy fret wear is a common contributer to string buzz.
Using a capo chews up frets fast!
Worn string slots in string nut or incorrect nut mounting.
Incorrect bridge saddle radius.
Neck angle/ tilt (bolt on necks).
Twisted, humped or warped necks will cause fret buzz.
Throughout the years many Nut & Bridge making materials have been used, all with their own unique tonal characteristics.
Some of the more highly sought after materials are Organic such as Fossilized Walrus Ivory, Mastadon Ivory, Bone and Dear antler to name a few. Pictured is a fang from a Walrus that lived over a thousand years ago. It is the preferred material I use as an upgrade for Bone, Micarta & Graphite.
Better sustain, tone and durability than other organic materials and warmer sounding than 'Micarta 'or 'Tusq'.
Remember, only Fossilized Ivory is legal Ivory.
Tubes lose their tonal quality long before they actually burn out.
Signs your tubes are weak include noisy operation (crackling/ popping), loss of power and or loss of EQ.
Proper Bias adjustment and ventilation prolongs the life of your tubes and gives optimum performance overall.
Scratchy or noisy faders and pots are by far the most common issue.
Jacks and other receptacles are next on our list.
Some digital effects issues can be as simple as changing out a sub-assembly PC board
Don't plug a powered signal into your powered speakers.
Powered speakers don't last long when left on 24/7 and I've repaired some that have even caught fire.
Do keep your speakers away from digital processors (laptops), florescent lights and cell phone signals to get the cleanest sharpest output.
Most problems are broken or sticking keys, broken pots and damaged displays.
Just as vulnerable to injury as any other instrument, your keyboard should have at least a padded zip case.
Common defects arise from too much heat.
Continuous high output operation above the clipping level.
Just like a vacuum cleaner, these high rpm fans drag in lots of dirt clogging the fan blades and blasting it into all the components, resulting in excessive operating temps and component failure.